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German Optics    



6 x 30

Standard issue 6x30 binoculars. These are the most commonly found variation. These are in "Ordnance Tan" and often referred to as DAK. In my opinion its just ordnance tan which is seen on many items, some well after the campaign in Africa. These have the ranging graticule in the right lens. Maker cag ( Swarowski)

7 x 50 

"blc" (Carl Zeiss) binoculars. These have the ranging graticule in the right lens. Leather case dated 1944 but code & WaA are indistinct.

I've developed quite an interest around the later (circa 1943-1945) "short serial number" 7x50. The above "Dienstglas" was my first 7x50 & has turned out to be relatively scarce. Reviewing the published serial number ranges             (Dr Hans Seeger) 15600 7x50 were produced of which only some 3650 (>23%) were Dienstglas. The majority of 11950 went to the KM. Several examples however have been observed that fall outside the known serial ranges.

Click here to go to my dedicated 7x50 page.


10 x 50

"rln" (Carl Zeiss) binoculars. Very late war finish. Serial # suggests this was 2060th from the very last one to be produced. (91500 total)

10 x 50

The larger 10x50 binoculars in the leather case. The case also has a belt loop for wear. Both binoculars & case are maker marked bmj (Hensoldt) These binoculars do not have a range graticule.

Another set of 10x50 binoculars in the leather case. Binoculars & case are maker marked bmj (Hensoldt) These binoculars have the range graticule, & the sunshades are present in the case lid.

Optic "Electrics"

The larger optics below often have reticle illumination cables and / or other equipment. For a selection of these items "click here" 


10 x 80 "Flakfernrohr"

The larger 10x80 binoculars used for flak & observation. Used with the tripod 39 (below) The 4 position knob at left rotates an internal system of shades, so that in extremely bright light, the target can still be viewed. The knob on top at right, adjusts the "interpupillary" distance, ie the distance between your eyes! Missing a few parts right now, but the search continues! Click the image at left for more.


Scherenfernrohr 14 (SF14)

SF14 are frequently observed in period images. Essentially a 10 power binocular, they allow observation from under cover. Also known as "Rabbit ears" or "Donkey Ears"

Depth of field is greatly improved by lowering the arms to the horizontal. There is a range graticule in the right lens & is shown in daylight & illuminated at night. Click left pic for more images.



Entfernungsmesser 34 (EM34) Rangefinder

Click pic for more!                                                                                    Note the centre window in this coincidence type rangefinder. Distance is read off the scale at right.


Entfernungsmesser 36 (EM36) Rangefinder


"bxx" (Askania-Werke A.G.) EM36 1 metre Rangefinder. Click pic for more detail. The stereoscopic rangefinder scale. It appears to "lay down" when viewed "stereoscopically"



Richtkreis 31 (RK31) Aiming Circle

The aiming circle is a device used to measure bearings from a known point. The measurement is in "mils" and there are 6400 in a circle. The device is also fitted with compass. It has a small periscope as an accessory to lower the viewing position. Click pic for more images. 


Larger optical devices need a mount, the most common being a tripod. Here are several examples;

Left, the Gestell 31 used for SF14. At centre, the  Gestell 40, usually used with the 1m rangefinder, EM36.   Right, the heavier Gestell 39 for bigger optics.  Click pics for more detail.


Above, the small tripod for the EM34 rangefinder. Click pic for more. At right, the small tripod for RK, EM etc.